2024 Legislative Elections: We Asked ChatGPT for the Ideal Program, and It’s… Surprising

The day after the first round of the early legislative elections of 2024, the French see their voting choice reduced. For the second round, they will have to choose between an RN, Ensemble or NPF candidate depending on the constituency. In the French political landscape, three very different visions are therefore emerging that we will not comment on here.

But this very particular context gave us an idea: What would be the program of artificial intelligence in the face of the current economic and social challenges in France? We asked ChatGPT 4o, the latest version of the most advanced conversational AI around. Our prompt is simple, to say the least:

I am a candidate in the French legislative elections. In view of the economic and social situation in France, can you provide me with a realistic program that would reduce inequalities while not causing the French debt to explode? Also give me a list of 10 key measures that could summarize my program. Finally, provide a costing of this program with forecasts over 5 years.

In this prompt, we have more or less taken up the promises of all the candidates: reduce inequalities without exploding debt, all with a costing over several years. We start from the premise that with the billions of economic, historical and social data digested by AI, ChatGPT is able to establish a balanced and realistic program.

2024 legislative elections: ChatGPT’s program

The program of “Avenir solidaire” (name of the party found by AI) is based on ten pillars:

  • Taxation
    • gradual increase in income tax for the highest brackets
    • introduction of a financial transaction tax
  • Education
    • investment in education with emphasis on vocational and continuing training
    • free school supplies for low-income families
  • Health
    • Increase in the health budget to reduce inequalities in access to care.
    • Strengthening hospital infrastructure in rural areas.
  • Job
    • Creation of green jobs in the ecological transition sectors.
    • Support for SMEs through tax breaks conditional on job creation.
  • Accommodation
    • Construction of social housing to reduce poverty.
    • Implementation of measures to control rents in tense areas.
  • Ecological Transition
    • Massive investments in renewable energy.
    • Grants for the energy renovation of buildings.
  • Social justice
    • Revaluation of social security benefits and the minimum wage.
    • Strengthening access to public services in disadvantaged areas.
  • Family Support
    • Increase in family allowances for single-parent families.
    • Establishment of free daycare for low-income families.
  • Innovation and Digital
    • Support for innovation and digitalization of businesses.
    • Digital skills training for the unemployed and young people.
  • Pension reform
    • Maintaining the legal retirement age, with adjustments for difficult jobs.
    • Introduction of a guaranteed minimum pension to avoid pensioner poverty.

Most of the measures presented here look like a clever mix of what the NFP and Ensemble propose. For example, ChatGPT does not propose to return to the retirement age but to adapt it for the most difficult jobs. On the other hand, AI recommends the introduction of a guaranteed minimum pensionan idea from the left’s program.

It is also observed that the “Solidarity Future” program (ChatGPT) does not offer no measures related to immigration or securitytwo themes widely highlighted by the RN in its program.

ChatGPT Program Encryption

Since we asked him to quantify his reforms, ChatGPT lent itself to the exercise without flinching. It is divided into two parts: revenues and expenses.

The recipes focus on the following two levers:

  1. The progressive tax reform should generate additional revenues estimated at 10 billion euros per year.
  2. Financial transaction tax could raise €5 billion per year

Unsurprisingly, the financing of the program would come mainly from taxes, which would increase mainly for the highest incomes, as well as a tax on financial transactions (such as shares, for example).

On the expenditure side, the list is logically longer:

  1. The conditional tax breaks would cost €2 billion a year but would be offset by job creation and growth.
  2. Education and training measures would cost 3 billion euros per year
  3. For health: 5 billion euros per year
  4. For employment: 4 billion euros per year
  5. For housing: 3 billion euros per year
  6. For the ecological transition: 6 billion euros per year
  7. For social justice (in particular the revaluation of social benefits): 2 billion euros per year
  8. For family support: 2 billion euros per year
  9. Boosting innovation and digital technology would cost 1 billion euros per year
  10. Pension reform would cost 4 billion euros per year (offset by long-term savings)

Over 5 years, all of these measures would cost:

  • Total revenue (75 billion euros)
    • Progressive tax reform: 50 billion euros
    • Financial transaction tax: 25 billion euros
  • Total expenditure (160 billion euros)
    • Net impact of conditional tax breaks: 10 billion euros
    • Education and Training: 15 billion euros
    • Health: 25 billion euros
    • Employment: 20 billion euros
    • Housing: 15 billion euros
    • Ecological Transition: 30 billion euros
    • Social Justice: 10 billion euros
    • Support for Families: 10 billion euros
    • Innovation and Digital: 5 billion euros
    • Pension reform: 20 billion euros

In total, this program would add an additional debt to France of 85 billion euros over 5 years. For comparison, France’s debt for 2023 alone increased by 55 billion euros. Despite this apparently coherent figure, ChatGPT specifies that France can put in place other levers to finance this debt. It thus gives 6 avenues to explore:

  1. Optimization of public spending
    • Reducing inefficient spending: Conducting an audit of public spending to identify and eliminate wasteful or inefficient spending.
    • Rationalization of subsidies: reduce or eliminate subsidies to non-priority or inefficient sectors and redirect these funds to key program sectors
  2. Structural reforms
    • Public administration reform: modernizing and digitalizing public services to increase efficiency and reduce operating costs
    • Review of special tax regimes: eliminate unjustified tax loopholes and rationalize tax advantages to increase revenue without increasing tax rates.
  3. Increase in Tax Revenues
    • Combating fraud and tax evasion: Strengthening measures against tax fraud and improving tax collection to increase tax revenues
    • Broadening the tax base: integrating new sources of tax revenue, such as moderate taxation of digital services or new incentive environmental taxes.
  4. Public-Private Partnerships (PP)
    • PPP development: encouraging public-private partnerships to finance infrastructure projects, which allows costs and risks to be shared with the private sector
    • Attraction of private investment: create incentives to attract private investment in strategic sectors, such as renewable energy and innovation
  5. European and International Funding
    • European Funds: maximising the use of European Union funds available for infrastructure, innovation and ecological transition projects
    • Low-interest loans: negotiate preferential-interest loans with international financial institutions (European Investment Bank, IMF) to finance specific projects with high growth potential
  6. Encouragement of Economic Growth
    • Stimulating innovation and entrepreneurship: Put in place measures to encourage innovation and business creation, which should increase tax revenues in the long term through economic growth
    • Investment in sectors of the future: focus public investments in sectors with high growth potential (technology, ecology) to generate returns on investment. Like… artificial intelligence.
Year Reducing inefficient spending Fight against tax fraud Reform of tax regimes Public-private partnerships European Funds and Loans Total Annual Funding
1 2 billion € 3 billion € 1 billion € 2 billion € 2 billion € 10 billion €
2 2 billion € 3 billion € 1 billion € 2 billion € 2 billion € 10 billion €
3 3 billion € 3 billion € 1 billion € 2 billion € 2 billion € 11 billion €
4 3 billion € 3 billion € 2 billion € 2 billion € 2 billion € 12 billion €
5 3 billion € 3 billion € 2 billion € 2 billion € 2 billion € 12 billion €

So what do you think about ChatGPT’s program?

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